According to Wikipedia, memorization is the process of committing something to memory. The act of memorization is often a deliberate mental process undertaken in order to store in memory for later recall items such as experiences, names, appointments, addresses, telephone numbers, lists, stories, poems, pictures, maps, diagrams, facts, music or other visual, auditory, or tactical information. Memorization may also refer to the process of storing particular data into the memory of a device.
To better understand new information, Dr. Judy Willis, a neurologist in California, recommends a three-step process:
Step 1: Symbolize
Putting information into diagrams, flow charts, and PowerPoint slides can help you remember the information for a presentation, because “when you symbolize, you’re conveying its meaning in a more effective way,” she says. “You have to imagine you’re explaining the concept to a five-year-old,” he says. “How do you explain nuclear physics to a five-year-old? If you’re not able to do it, you don’t really understand it.”
Step 2: Categorize
Now, think about the larger implications of information and how it applies to our daily lives.
“What is this telling me?” and “How does this resonate with me?” are the questions we should be asking, Willis says. For instance, thinking about how today’s work tasks affect the schedule for the rest of the week can help us remember details better.
Step 3: Synthesize
When given a list of unfamiliar terms, sort them into groups based on similarity — that assists the brain in making big-picture connections. As the learning process continues, shaping these categories accordingly will allow enduring memories to form.
Deep linking, or associating new information with old memories, has a similar effect. When you come across something new, ask yourself, how does this information relate with something I already know?
Forming long-term memories;
The more our memories are activated, used, and applied throughout life, the harder they will stick. This circuit becomes so strong that it becomes permanent or automatic. So the adage “practice makes perfect” absolutely applies.
Here are a few simple routines for learning to weave into your day-to-day routine;
1. Sleep more and meditate.Ensure that you get enough sleep, at least seven hours a night. Mediation has been shown to improve memory and learning, and there are plenty of online resources that can show you how to do that.
2. Get your blood flowing. Exercise, even if it’s just getting outside the office for a five-minute walk around the block, can help you concentrate and will strengthen your ability to recall information.
3. Eat well. Numerous studies have shown the positive effects that eating breakfast has on the brain. What you eat after that first meal is important as well. A light lunch will help you feel less sluggish in the afternoon. Healthy snacks throughout the day keep your metabolism going and also keep you alert, which is good for your memory.
4. Tune in. Studies have shown that listening to music can help you recall key information. Some researchers say if you’ve learned something new while listening to a song, you can recall it by “playing” the tune in your head.
5. Write stuff. Not only does writing with a pen or pencil stimulate ideas, it also massages acupuncture points in the hand, which in turn triggers further ideas.